在我完成brew updatebrew upgrade之后,我的博士后遇到了一些问题.我试图卸载postgres并重新安装,但效果不佳.

这是错误信息.(当我try 执行rake db:migrate次时,也收到了此错误消息)

$ psql
psql: could not connect to server: No such file or directory
    Is the server running locally and accepting
    connections on Unix domain socket "/tmp/.s.PGSQL.5432"?

我该怎么解决呢?

Mac版本:山狮.

brew 版本:0.9.3

postgres版本:psql(PostgreSQL)9.2.1

我就是这么做的:

$ brew uninstall postgresql
Uninstalling /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.2.1...
$ brew uninstall postgresql
Uninstalling /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.1.4...
$ psql --version
bash: /usr/local/bin/psql: No such file or directory
$ brew install postgresql
==> Downloading http://ftp.postgresql.org/pub/source/v9.2.1/postgresql-9.2.1.tar.bz2
Already downloaded: /Library/Caches/Homebrew/postgresql-9.2.1.tar.bz2
......
......
==> Summary
/usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.2.1: 2814 files, 38M, built in 2.7 minutes
$ initdb /usr/local/var/postgres -E utf8
The files belonging to this database system will be owned by user "laigary".
This user must also own the server process.

The database cluster will be initialized with locale "en_US.UTF-8".
The default text search configuration will be set to "english".

initdb: directory "/usr/local/var/postgres" exists but is not empty
If you want to create a new database system, either remove or empty
the directory "/usr/local/var/postgres" or run initdb
with an argument other than "/usr/local/var/postgres".
$ mkdir -p ~/Library/LaunchAgents
$ cp /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.2.1/homebrew.mxcl.postgresql.plist ~/Library/LaunchAgents/
$ launchctl load -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.postgresql.plist
homebrew.mxcl.postgresql: Already loaded
$ pg_ctl -D /usr/local/var/postgres -l /usr/local/var/postgres/server.log start
server starting
$ env ARCHFLAGS="-arch x86_64" gem install pg
Building native extensions.  This could take a while...
Successfully installed pg-0.14.1
1 gem installed
$ psql --version
psql (PostgreSQL) 9.2.1
$ psql
psql: could not connect to server: No such file or directory
    Is the server running locally and accepting
    connections on Unix domain socket "/tmp/.s.PGSQL.5432"?

现在,在我重新安装homebrew之后,当我使用$ psql时,它不会显示任何错误消息.

但我在Rails应用程序中运行rake db:migrate,它显示:

could not connect to server: No such file or directory
    Is the server running locally and accepting
    connections on Unix domain socket "/var/pgsql_socket/.s.PGSQL.5432"?

/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql_adapter.rb:1213:in `initialize'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql_adapter.rb:1213:in `new'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql_adapter.rb:1213:in `connect'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql_adapter.rb:329:in `initialize'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql_adapter.rb:28:in `new'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql_adapter.rb:28:in `postgresql_connection'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:309:in `new_connection'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:319:in `checkout_new_connection'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:241:in `block (2 levels) in checkout'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:236:in `loop'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:236:in `block in checkout'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/monitor.rb:211:in `mon_synchronize'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:233:in `checkout'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:96:in `block in connection'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/monitor.rb:211:in `mon_synchronize'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:95:in `connection'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_pool.rb:404:in `retrieve_connection'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_specification.rb:170:in `retrieve_connection'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/connection_specification.rb:144:in `connection'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/railties/databases.rake:107:in `rescue in create_database'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/railties/databases.rake:51:in `create_database'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/railties/databases.rake:40:in `block (3 levels) in <top (required)>'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/railties/databases.rake:40:in `each'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/activerecord-3.2.8/lib/active_record/railties/databases.rake:40:in `block (2 levels) in <top (required)>'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/task.rb:205:in `call'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/task.rb:205:in `block in execute'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/task.rb:200:in `each'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/task.rb:200:in `execute'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/task.rb:158:in `block in invoke_with_call_chain'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/monitor.rb:211:in `mon_synchronize'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/task.rb:151:in `invoke_with_call_chain'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/task.rb:144:in `invoke'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/application.rb:116:in `invoke_task'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/application.rb:94:in `block (2 levels) in top_level'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/application.rb:94:in `each'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/application.rb:94:in `block in top_level'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/application.rb:133:in `standard_exception_handling'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/application.rb:88:in `top_level'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/application.rb:66:in `block in run'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/application.rb:133:in `standard_exception_handling'
/usr/local/Cellar/ruby/1.9.3-p327/lib/ruby/1.9.1/rake/application.rb:63:in `run'
/usr/local/bin/rake:32:in `<main>'
Couldn't create database for {"adapter"=>"postgresql", "encoding"=>"unicode", "database"=>"riy_development", "pool"=>5, "username"=>nil, "password"=>nil}

Finally I've found a solution.

sudo mkdir /var/pgsql_socket/
sudo ln -s /private/tmp/.s.PGSQL.5432 /var/pgsql_socket/

这个解决方案有点棘手,但它是有效的.希望大家有更好的解决方案

Update

这对我也适用.

rm /usr/local/var/postgres/postmaster.pid

推荐答案

有类似的问题;一个pid文件阻止postgres启动.要解决这个问题:

$ rm /usr/local/var/postgres/postmaster.pid
$ brew services restart postgresql

然后一切都好了.


UPDATE:

对于Apple M1(Big Sur)用户,请改为:

$ rm /opt/homebrew/var/postgres/postmaster.pid
$ brew services restart postgresql

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